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Panorama Cameras
 
 

The tech section should give an overview over the various camera types and the technical background of the different types.
If available further information about the camera and the manufacturer is listed.
For any comments, updates, corrections and suggestions mail to webmaster@panorama-gallery.com.

Comment January 2012: I am not aware of any companies still producing film panorama cameras in the year 2012 (other than Linhof, Holga 'Toy' cameras, Horizon Cameras and Shen Hao LF cameras). Please let me know if you know better.

Last update: February 03rd 2012

The most common aspect ration for panorama images is 3:1 or 2:1.

There are 5 categories of panorama equipment (bold camera types are still available from manufacturer)

Scroll down to find detailed information about the cameras

Flatback Camera
(goto to detail section)

The film is held flat and parallel to the lens. The exposure is done in one shot. Most of the cameras require separate lighmeter. Using of tripod is recomended, some of the lighter cameras can be handheld.

- Hasselblad Xpan I+II
- Fuji G617 and GX617
- Linhof Technorama 6x12, 6x17
- Fotoman 6x12, 6x17, 6x24
- Gaoersi 6x17 Camera
- Horseman SW612 (Pro), SW617
- Gilde GG-617
- Art Panorama 6x17, 6x24 (Tomiyama Art)

Swing Lens Camera (goto to detail section)

A narrow slit rotates in front of the film which is held in a curved position and exposes it gradually. The fix lens is rotating, great depth of field, no focus control. Requires camera level to achieve straight horizon and to avoid distortion. Filter not applicable or complicated in handling. 135 to 140 field of view.

Noblex 135, 150, 175
Widelux
Widepan Pro 2-140
Horizon 202
Eyescan 624
Krasnogorsk FT-2

Rotational Camera

Seitz Roundshot (35,120 and digital)
Spheron Spherocam, Panocam (digital only)
Globuscope
Lookaround (35mm, taylormade)

Alternative Solution

Medium format camera with 135 back or panoramic insert (Bronica ETRS 135 back 24x56mm,
Mamiya 7 pano inset 24x65mm)

Large format camera with rollfilm back (5x4in camera with Horseman 6x12 back)

Negative cropping (small 35mm consumer cameras, only exposing part of 24x36, eg. 15x36mm)

Digital Panorama Photography

Using digital panorama cameras like Seitz Digital and Spherocam.
Stitching individual images from SLR, DSLR, MF camera.


Weblinks

Timeline of panoramic cameras (1843 - 1994) by Bill McBride


 
     
 
Flatback Cameras
 
   

 
Camera XPAN I + II (no longer produced)
Producer Hasselblad (Sweden)
Website
 
Essential Info

35mm film
24x36 and 24x65 format on the same film
Aperture automatic, TTL
Lenses: 30,45 and 90mm

Remarks

The only 35mm flatback camera in the market.

Introduced in 1996 and as a updated version in 2003 the Xpan was taken out of production in March 2003. Only available in the used market.

The camera is also known as TX-1 and TX-2 which was only available in Japan. See link (Fujinon Japan). Same manufacturer, different branding.

 
     
 
Camera GX617 and G617 (no longer produced)
Producer Fuji (Fujinon Japan)
Website
 
Essential Info

120 rollfilm
G617 with fixed 105mm lens
GX617 with interchangeable lenses 90, 105,180 and 300mm

Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera Technorama 612,617
Producer Linhof (Germany)
Website
 
Essential Info

120 rollfilm

Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera GILDE 66-17
Producer Gilde SKT GmbH (Germany)
Website
 
Essential Info

120 rollfilm

Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera Horseman 612 (PRO), SW617
Producer Horseman (USA)
Website
 
Essential Info

120 rollfilm

Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera Fotoman 612,617,624 Panoramic Camera
Producer Fotoman Camera Ltd (Hong Kong)
Website
 
Essential Info

120 rollfilm

Remarks The china produced bodies accept a wide range large format lenses. Amazing quality for reasonable price (in terms of panorama photography)
 
     
 
Camera Widepan 617
Producer Nanchang Phenix - Panflex Technical Camera Company, Ltd. (China)
Website
 
Essential Info

120 rollfilm

Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera Gaoersi 6x17 Camera
Producer n.a.
Website
 
Essential Info

120 rollfilm

Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera Art Panorama 170, 240
Producer TOMIYAMA SEISAKUSHO CO., LTD.
Website
 
Essential Info

120 rollfilm

Remarks  
 
     
     
 
Swing Lens Cameras
 
     
 
Camera Noblex 135,150,175
Producer Noblex Werke Dresden
Website
 


Essential Info

135S, 135 Pro Sport uses 35mm
150 and 175UX types 120 rollfilm
fix lens, allows use of magnetic mounted filter.

Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera Horizon 202
Producer Zenit Foto Russia
Website
 
Essential Info

24x58mm on 35mm film
Shutter speed from 1/2s to 1/250s
28mm rotating lens
120 degree FOV

Remarks Budget version of swing lens camera, made in Russia.
In germany available from Foto Brenner.
 
     
 
Camera WIDEPAN PRO-2 140
Producer Nanchang Phenix - Panflex Technical Camera Company, Ltd. (China)
Website
 
Essential Info

120, 220 and 35mm (with adapter) film
50x110mm for 120/220 film, 24x110mm on 135mm film
140 FOV
1/2 second, 1/60th second, 1/250th second

Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera Eyescan 624
Producer KST Dresden
Website
 
Essential Info

50 x 210mm
105mm lens
Shutter speed from 1/2s to 1/250s
120 degree FOV

Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera Widelux F8, 1500 (no longer produced)
Producer n.a.
Website
n.a.
 


Essential Info


Remarks  
 
     
 
Camera Krasnogorsk FT-2
Producer Krasnogorsk Mechanical Factory in Krasnogorsk, USSR
Website
n.a.
 
Essential Info

35mm film
24mm x 110mm
120 FOV
lens 52mm f5.0
1/100, 1/200, 1/400

Remarks Build only 1958-1965.